With founding of Mysore dynasty in 1399 AD by Yaduraya, Mysore has seen 24
rulers. Till emergence of Raja Wodeyar in 1578 AD, the Mysore Kingdom was a
small feudatory Kingdom under the Vijayanagar Empire. With the fall of
Vijayanagar Empire in 1565 AD, the Wodeyars inherited and perpetuated the
traditions of Vijayanagar Empire. Raja Wodeyar ascended the throne in 1610
AD, in Srirangapatna the erstwhile capital and inaugurated the Dasara
Festivities which are still celebrated with all grandeur. The most
celebrated Kings after Raja Wodeyar who contributed to the cultural heritage
of Mysore are Ranadhira Kanthirava Narasaraja Wodeyar (1638 -1659 AD),
Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar (1673 -1704 AD), Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar (III)
(1799 - 1868 AD), Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar (IV) (1902 -1940 AD) and
Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar from 1940 till the establishment of the Republic
Between 1761 and 1799, Hyder Ali along with his son Tippu
Sultan ruled the State. With the defeat of Tippu Sultan by the British at
Srirangapatna in 1799, five year old Prince Krishnaraja Wodeyar (III) was
installed the King of Mysore on the throne of his ancestors.
Wodeyars contributed a great deal towards arts and culture. Palaces,
temples, the Mysore school of traditional painting, women's schools and
colleges and music maestros bear witness to the liberal grants and patronage
of Mysore kings. Mysore was the only highly industrialized and progressive
native state in India in steel, silk, soaps and hydro-electricity. The
kingdom was benefited from visionaries like Sir Mirza Ismail and Sir M.
Visveswaraya who served under the Wodeyars.
Dasara is observed as State festival - Nadahabba,
because of the celebration of the festival is
steered by the Royal Family of Mysore. The royal
family of Mysore performs special pooja on the
occasion of Dasara. During Dasara, the entire
City is gaily decorated and illuminated. The
Palace and other important buildings are
illuminated. Cultural programmes by famous
artists are arranged in the Palace along with
Sports, Wrestling, Poet's meet, Food Festival,
Film Festival witnessed by a large number of
Exhibition is arranged in the Doddakere Maidana,
by the Karnataka Exhibition Authority, where the
public and private sector industries, leading
business establishments, State Government
departments put up their stalls to promote
industrial and corporate business for months.
Mysore is the former Capital of the
erstwhile Wodeyars and the state of Mysore. Mysore is also known as the City
of Palaces. Abode of untold grandeur and glory, where the rich heritage of
the Wodeyars is carefully preserved to this day in its magnificent palaces,
gardens, broad shady avenues and sacred temples. There is an old world charm
about the city that reaches out and leaves no one untouched. Mysore, or
Mahishur as it was called in the past, traces its history back to the
mythical past, when Goddess Chamundeshwari of Chamundi Hills killed the
wicked buffalo-headed demon, Mahishasura.
Tippu was a great scholar and lover of literature.
His artistic pursuits were also many and he made rich gifts to the Hindu
temples. Tippu Sultan "Tiger of Karnataka" was killed in 1799 A.D., and the
Mysore throne was handed back to the Wodeyar's. The whole of Karnataka came
under the control of the British in the beginning of the 19th century. The
new state was named as new Mysore and the Maharaja of Mysore was appointed
Governor by Independent India. This unified state was renamed as Karnataka
on November 1, 1973. Mysore - the former capital of the erstwhile Wodeyars
and also of the State of Mysore lost its prominence to Bangalore.
The recorded history of Mysore City, which was a principal town of a
district, goes back to 10th century AD. After witnessing many vicissitudes
and remaining for centuries the headquarters of a small principality, Mysore,
for well nigh two centuries lost out to Srirangapatna as a city of any
consequence. It was Raja Wodeyar who, in 1610, set up headquarters at
Srirangapatna after asserting his independence from the Vijayanagar viceroy.
The centre of gravity shifted back to Mysore with the court starting to
function once again and the population remigrating to it from Srirangapatna.
It was administered under the British Commission from 1831 to 1881 after a
spell of governance under the great Dewan Purnaiah, who survived the
The city really started growing into its present form after the Rendition of
1881 when the throne was restored to Chamarajendra Wodeyar, the scion of the
royal family, who ruled the State for 13 years till his death in 1894.
Chamarajendra Wodeyar and later the Maharani Regent commissioned a number of
important buildings, besides putting some order in the City's by now visible
growth. But the credit for its blossoming into the city that we are familiar
with goes to the long spell of rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar, the Saint King
and prince among builders, the Silver Jubilee of whose reign was celebrated
in 1927. The foundation of the City's spacious and excellently planned
layouts had already been laid during the administration of Dewans Seshadri
Iyer and M. Visveswaraya.With the Silver Jubilee Spirit of the celebrations of Krishnaraja Wodeyar's rule, the city invested with much of its remarkable
aesthetics - new parks and boulevards and some noteworthy additions to its
architectural scene. Sir Mirza Ismail (Dewan from 1926 to 1941), a great
aesthete himself, did much to enhance the City's aesthetics.Mysore inspite of being ruled by different Rulers and Kingdoms for ages,
still retains its old charm and stately beauty. There are many
'not-to-be-missed' sights in Mysore like the magnificent Mysore Palace, Sri
Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery, St. Philomena's Church, KRS Brindavan
Mysore also has associations with the Mahabharatha and King
Ashoka of 3rd century B.C. During the Wodeyar rule, Mysore reached the
zenith of its glory as a fabled center of oriental splendor. Hyder Ali and
his valiant son Tippu Sultan are notable figures in the history of the land.
They expanded the Mysore kingdom on an unprecedented scale and by their
resistance against the British, became personages of world fame.